BioControl (2001) 46, 229-260

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R. Charudattan (2001)
Biological control of weeds by means of plant pathogens: Significance for integrated weed management in modern agro-ecology
BioControl 46 (2), 229-260
Abstract: Biological control of weeds by using plant pathogens has gained acceptance as a practical, safe, environmentally beneficial, weed management method applicable to agro-ecosystems. The interest in this weed control approach from public and private groups, and support for research and developmental effort, are on the upswing. This increasing interest is stimulated largely due to major economic, social, and environmental forces that are directing our choices in crop production practices. Some of these changes are market-driven while others are social and ecological in nature. These changes are in turn influencing the choices in weed control methods. In this regard, biocontrol with plant pathogens has been proven a feasible, albeit minor, component of modern integrated weed-management systems. This environmentally beneficial method should be promoted and exploited further to meet the current and future challenges in weed management in agro-ecosystems.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Raghavan Charudattan

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
review


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Cirsium arvense (weed) Grasses/turf/rangeland
Carduus thoermeri (weed) Grasses/turf/rangeland
Convolvulus arvensis (weed)
Calystegia sepium (weed)
Sesbania herbacea (weed) Soybean (Glycine max)
Sesbania herbacea (weed) Rice (Oryza)
Striga hermonthica (weed)
Acacia saligna (weed)
Senna obtusifolia (weed) Soybean (Glycine max)
Sphenoclea zeylanica (weed) Rice (Oryza)
Xanthium strumarium (weed)
Aeschynomene virginica (weed) Soybean (Glycine max)
Aeschynomene virginica (weed) Rice (Oryza)
Solanum viarum (weed) Citrus (genus)
Taraxacum officinale (weed)
Galinsoga quadriradiata (weed)
Galinsoga parviflora (weed)
Chenopodium album (weed)
Poa annua (weed) Grasses/turf/rangeland
Trianthema portulacastrum (weed)
Parthenium hysterophorus (weed)
Euphorbia heterophylla (weed)
Ulex europaeus (weed)
Cytisus scoparius (weed)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (weed)
Abutilon theophrasti (weed)
Malva pusilla (weed)
Mimosa pigra (weed)
Cyperus esculentus (weed)
Imperata cylindrica (weed)
Rottboellia cochinchinensis (weed)
Clematis vitalba (weed)
Rhaponticum repens (weed) Grasses/turf/rangeland
Egeria densa (weed)
Cryptostegia grandiflora (weed)
Hedychium gardnerianum (weed)
Chondrilla juncea (weed) Grasses/turf/rangeland
Chondrilla juncea (weed) Wheat (Triticum)
Heliotropium europaeum (weed)
Passiflora tripartita (weed)
Clidemia hirta (weed)
Carduus pycnocephalus (weed)
Carduus tenuiflorus (weed)
Echium plantagineum (weed) Grasses/turf/rangeland
Baccharis halimifolia (weed)
Galega officinalis (weed)
Hypericum androsaemum (weed)
Hakea sericea (weed)
Pueraria montana (weed)
Exserohilum fusiforme (weed pathogen) Echinochloa crus-galli (weed)
Chondrostereum purpureum (weed pathogen)
Uromycladium tepperianum (weed pathogen) Acacia saligna (weed)
Nimbya alternantherae (weed pathogen) Alternanthera philoxeroides (weed)
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (weed pathogen) Sphenoclea zeylanica (weed) Rice (Oryza)
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (weed pathogen) Aeschynomene virginica (weed) Soybean (Glycine max)
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (weed pathogen) Aeschynomene virginica (weed) Rice (Oryza)
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (weed pathogen) Galinsoga quadriradiata (weed)
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (weed pathogen) Galinsoga parviflora (weed)
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (weed pathogen) Clidemia hirta (weed)
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (weed pathogen) Hakea sericea (weed)
Alternaria cassiae (weed pathogen) Senna obtusifolia (weed) Soybean (Glycine max)
Xanthomonas campestris (weed pathogen) Poa annua (weed) Grasses/turf/rangeland
Colletotrichum truncatum (weed pathogen) Sesbania herbacea (weed) Soybean (Glycine max)
Colletotrichum truncatum (weed pathogen) Sesbania herbacea (weed) Rice (Oryza)
Ascochyta caulina (weed pathogen) Chenopodium album (weed)
Fusarium tumidum (weed pathogen) Ulex europaeus (weed)
Fusarium tumidum (weed pathogen) Cytisus scoparius (weed)
Bipolaris euphorbiae (weed pathogen) Euphorbia heterophylla (weed)
Pyrenophora chaetomioides (weed pathogen) Avena fatua (weed)
Cercospora caricis (weed pathogen) Cyperus rotundus (weed)
Maravalia cryptostegiae (weed pathogen) Cryptostegia grandiflora (weed)
Colletotrichum orbiculare (weed pathogen) Malva pusilla (weed)
Ralstonia solanacearum (weed pathogen) Solanum viarum (weed)
Ralstonia solanacearum (weed pathogen) Hedychium gardnerianum (weed)
Stagonospora convolvuli (weed pathogen) Convolvulus arvensis (weed)
Stagonospora convolvuli (weed pathogen) Calystegia sepium (weed)
Pseudomonas syringae (weed pathogen) Cirsium arvense (weed)
Sporisorium ophiuri (weed pathogen) Rottboellia cochinchinensis (weed)
Puccinia carduorum (weed pathogen) Carduus thoermeri (weed)
Puccinia carduorum (weed pathogen) Carduus tenuiflorus (weed)
Puccinia abrupta (weed pathogen) Parthenium hysterophorus (weed)
Pyricularia higginsii (weed pathogen) Cyperus rotundus (weed)
Cercospora piaropi (weed pathogen) Eichhornia crassipes (weed)
Colletotrichum graminicola (weed pathogen) Echinochloa crus-galli (weed)
Colletotrichum graminicola (weed pathogen) Rottboellia cochinchinensis (weed)
Septoria passiflorae (weed pathogen) Passiflora tripartita (weed)
Phragmidium violaceum (weed pathogen)
Alternaria eichhorniae (weed pathogen) Eichhornia crassipes (weed)
Puccinia punctiformis (weed pathogen) Cirsium arvense (weed)
Entyloma ageratinae (weed pathogen) Ageratina riparia (weed)
Puccinia chondrillina (weed pathogen) Chondrilla juncea (weed)
Phaeoramularia eupatorii-odorati (weed pathogen) Ageratina adenophora (weed)
Albugo (genus - weed pathogens) Ambrosia artemisiifolia (weed)
Puccinia evadens (weed pathogen) Baccharis halimifolia (weed)
Sphaerulina mimosae-pigrae (weed pathogen) Mimosa pigra (weed)
Puccinia xanthii (weed pathogen) Xanthium strumarium (weed)
Puccinia acroptili (weed pathogen) Rhaponticum repens (weed)
Puccinia cardui-pycnocephali (weed pathogen) Carduus pycnocephalus (weed)
Calophoma clematidina (weed pathogen) Clematis vitalba (weed)
Cercospora echii (weed pathogen) Echium plantagineum (weed)
Uromyces galegae (weed pathogen) Galega officinalis (weed)
Uromyces heliotropii (weed pathogen) Heliotropium europaeum (weed)
Melampsora hypericorum (weed pathogen) Hypericum androsaemum (weed)
Diabole cubensis (weed pathogen) Mimosa pigra (weed)
Puccinia canaliculata (weed pathogen) Cyperus esculentus (weed)
Colletotrichum coccodes (weed pathogen) Abutilon theophrasti (weed)
Phomopsis cirsii (weed pathogen) Cirsium arvense (weed)
Colletotrichum caudatum (weed pathogen) Imperata cylindrica (weed)
Bipolaris sacchari (weed pathogen) Imperata cylindrica (weed)
Drechslera gigantea (weed pathogen) Imperata cylindrica (weed)
Fusarium nygamai (weed pathogen) Striga hermonthica (weed)
Albifimbria verrucaria (weed pathogen) Pueraria montana (weed)