Allan M. Crawford

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Allan M. Crawford in 2014
Photo by Pauline Crawford

Allan M. Crawford (1951 - 2017)

Allan Crawford was a New Zealand virologist and geneticist who made important contributions in the fields of virus diseases of insect pests and animal genetics. He studied at the University of Otago in Dunedin from 1970 to 1976 and worked for his Ph.D. on porina moths, serious pasture pests in New Zealand. In 1977, he completed his Ph.D. thesis on nucleopolyhedroviruses of Wiseana under James Kalmakoff. During a post-doctorate fellowship in 1977 and 1978, he continued his research on baculoviruses at the Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada in collaboration with Peter Faulkner, investigating aspects like immunology, tissue culture and genetics.

In 1979, Allan Crawford returned to New Zealand and worked in Auckland as an entomologist for the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (now The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd.). In Auckland, his main research focus was on viruses and other diseases of scarab pests like Heteronychus arator, Costelytra and Oryctes rhinoceros. In 1986/87 he spent a year in Athens at the University of Georgia, where he worked on baculovirus genetics and molecular biology together with Lois Miller.

Allan Crawford also made significant contributions in the field of tissue culture and was the first to establish a coleopteran cell line (see Crawford, 1982), called DSIR-HA-1179. That cell line originated from the black beetle (H. arator) and 1179 refers to Nov. 1979, the time it was established. It has been extensively used in virus research for more than 30 years.

In 1989, he moved back to Dunedin and worked for AgResearch at the University of Otago and later at the Invermay Agricultural Centre in nearby Mosgiel. Here, his main research area was the genetics of livestock, but he also covered some aspects of crop pests like parasitoids of pest weevils and plant parasitic nematodes. The publications listed below are only those relevant to agricultural pests. Allan Crawford wrote many more on livestock genetics.

Awards and Distinctions:

  • 1986 - DSIR Study Award.
  • 1987 - DSIR Minsterial Award for Excellence in Scientific Research.
    Subject: Baculovirus genetics.
  • 1997 - Royal Society Medal, subject: Sheep genetic linkage map
  • 2001 - McMeekan Memorial Award, NZ Society of Animal Production
  • 2002 - Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of NZ


Publications of Allan M. Crawford

Physiological Entomology (2011) 36, 194-199
Jessica Vereijssen, Karen F. Armstrong, Barbara I.P. Barratt, Allan M. Crawford, Mark R. McNeill and Stephen L. Goldson (2011)
Evidence for parasitoid-induced premature mortality in the Argentine stem weevil

Insect Molecular Biology (2008) 17, 313-324
A.M. Crawford, R. Brauning, G. Smolenski, C. Ferguson, D. Barton, T.T. Wheeler and A. Mcculloch (2008)
The constituents of Microctonus sp. parasitoid venoms

Archives of Virology (2007) 152, 519-531
Y. Wang, M.M. van Oers, A.M. Crawford, J.M. Vlak and J.A. Jehle (2007)
Genomic analysis of Oryctes rhinoceros virus reveals genetic relatedness to Heliothis zea virus 1

New Zealand Entomologist (2006) 29, 103-105
Allan M. Crawford, Lee-Ann Still and Peter Smith (2006)
A histological examination of the venom apparatus of Microctonus hyperodae Loan (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Journal of Invertebrate Pathology (2005) 89, 91-94
Trevor A. Jackson, Allan M. Crawford and Travis R. Glare (2005)
Oryctes virus—Time for a new look at a useful biocontrol agent

New Zealand Journal of Zoology (1992) 19, 133-138
John W. Marshall and Allan M. Crawford (1992)
A DNA probe which distinguishes Globodera pallida Pa2/3 from G. rostochiensis Ro1 and other cyst-forming nematodes

Environmental Entomology (1990) 19, 1115-1121
B. Zelazny, A. Lolong and A.M. Crawford (1990)
Introduction and field comparison of baculovirus strains against Oryctes rhinoceros (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in the Maldives

Virology (1990) 174, 294-298
Allan M. Crawford and Bernhard Zelazny (1990)
Evolution in Oryctes baculovirus: Rate and types of genomic change

Journal of General Virology (1989) 70, 1017-1024
Allan M. Crawford (1989)
Engineering of an Oryctes baculovirus recombinant: Insertion of the polyhedrin gene from the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus

Journal of Virology (1988) 62, 2773-2781
A.M. Crawford and L.K. Miller (1988)
Characterization of an early gene accelerating expression of late genes of the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus

Journal of General Virology (1987) 19, p. 541 (Marshall et al.)
J.W. Marshall and A.M. Crawford (1987)
A cloned DNA fragment that can be used as a sensitive probe to distinguish Globodera pallida from Globodera rostochiensis and other common cyst forming nematodes
Paper presented at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Society of Nematologists, 19-22 July, 1987, Honolulu, Hawaii

FAO Plant Protection Bulletin (1987) 35, 36-42
B. Zelazny, A.R. Alfiler and A.M. Crawford (1987)
Preparation of a baculovirus inoculum for use by coconut farmers to control rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros)

Journal of General Virology (1986) 67, 949-952
Allan M. Crawford, Bernhard Zelazny and Ambrosio R. Alfiler (1986)
Genotypic variation in geographical isolates of Oryctes baculovirus

Journal of General Virology (1985) 66, 529-539
Allan M. Crawford and Cathy Sheehan (1985)
Replication of Oryctes baculovirus in cell culture: Viral morphogenesis, infectivity and protein synthesis

Journal of General Virology (1985) 66, 2649-2658
Allan M. Crawford, Kevin Ashbridge, Cathy Sheehan and Peter Faulkner (1985)
A physical map of the Oryctes baculovirus genome

Journal of Economic Entomology (1984) 77, 1610-1611
Allan M. Crawford and Cathy Sheehan (1984)
An Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) baculovirus inoculum derived from tissue culture

New Zealand Journal of Zoology (1984) 11, 93-96
Allan M. Crawford, Paul Scotti, Cathy Sheehan and Susan Fredericksen (1984)
Replication of two coleopteran nodaviruses in the coleopteran cell line DSIR-HA-1179 from Heteronychus arator and the dipteran cell line from Drosophila melanogaster line 1

Archives of Virology (1983) 78, 65-79
A.M. Crawford and Cathy Sheehan (1983)
Persistent baculovirus infections: Spodoptera frugiperda NPV and Autographa californica NPV in Spodoptera frugiperda cells

New Zealand Journal of Zoology (1983) 10, 405-407
Allan M. Crawford, Malcolm Parslow and Catherine Sheehan (1983)
Changes in the karyotype of the cell line, DSIR-HA-1179, and a comparison with that of its parent insect, Heteronychus arator (F.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)

New Zealand Journal of Zoology (1982) 9, 381-385
Catherine M. Sheehan, Allan M. Crawford and Peter J. Wigley (1982)
Anatomy and histology of the alimentary canal of the black beetle, Heteronychus arator

Kalmakoff et al. (1982) - Enzootic virus control of Wiseana spp. in ...
J. Kalmakoff and A.M. Crawford (1982)
Enzootic virus control of Wiseana spp. in the pasture environment
in: Edouard Kurstak (Editor) Microbial and viral pesticides, Marcel Dekker, New York, ISBN 0-8247-1686-8

In Vitro - Plant (1982) 18, 813-816
Allan M. Crawford (1982)
A coleopteran cell line derived from Heteronychus arator (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)

Virology (1981) 112, 625-633
Allan M. Crawford (1981)
Attempts to obtain Oryctes baculovirus replication in three insect cell cultures

Journal of Virology (1979) 31, 190-198
Martha Brown, Allan M. Crawford and Peter Faulkner (1979)
Genetic analysis of a baculovirus, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus I. Isolation of temperature-sensitive mutants and assortment into complementation groups

Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1978) 36, 18-24
Allan M. Crawford, Peter Faulkner and James Kalmakoff (1978)
Comparison of solid-phase radioimmunoassays for baculoviruses

New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research (1978) 21, 521-526
A.M. Crawford and J. Kalmakoff (1978)
Transmission of Wiseana spp. nuclear polyhedrosis virus in the pasture habitat

Journal of Virology (1977) 24, 412-415
A.M. Crawford and J. Kalmakoff (1977)
Effect of alkaline protease on the antigenic nature of Wiseana nuclear polyhedrosis virus polyhedron protein

Intervirology (1977) 8, 117-121
A.M. Crawford, J. Kalmakoff and J.F. Longworth (1977)
A solid-phase radioimmunoassay for polyhedron protein from baculoviruses

Journal of Invertebrate Pathology (1977) 29, 81-87
A.M. Crawford and J. Kalmakoff (1977)
A host-virus interaction in a pasture habitat: Wiseana spp. (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae) and its baculoviruses

Journal of Immunological Methods (1977) 14, 73-74
J. Kalmakoff, A.J. Parkinson, A.M. Crawford and B.R.G. Williams (1977)
Solid phase radioimmunoassays using labelled antibodies: A conceptual framework for designing assays

Journal of Invertebrate Pathology (1977) 29, 31-35
J. Kalmakoff, A.M. Crawford and S.G. Moore (1977)
A radioimmunoassay using labeled antibody for polyhedron protein from a nuclear polyhedrosis virus of Wiseana cervinata