Entomophaga (1996) 41, 343-360

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N.C. Leppla and E.G. King (1996)
The role of parasitoid and predator production in technology transfer of field crop biological control
Entomophaga 41 (3-4), 343-360
Abstract: The immediate goals for improving natural enemy production are to reduce costs, increase efficacy and provide additional species for pest management. This paper describes expanding markets for natural enemies that are or could be produced commercially, gives operational and experimental examples of parasitoid and predator production for use in field crop biological control, defines some of the obstacles and makes recommendations for producing and using natural enemies. Additionally, it provides recent published guidance for implementing biological control in integrated pest management.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Norman C. Leppla

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
application technology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Leptinotarsa decemlineata Eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Leptinotarsa decemlineata Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Ostrinia nubilalis Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Anthonomus grandis Cotton (Gossypium)
Grapholita molesta Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Aphis gossypii
Macrosiphum euphorbiae
Phenacoccus manihoti Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Helicoverpa zea Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Spodoptera frugiperda Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Epilachna varivestis Soybean (Glycine max)
Chrysoperla carnea (predator)
Chrysoperla rufilabris (predator)
Harmonia axyridis (predator)
Phytoseiulus persimilis (predator)
Neoseiulus cucumeris (predator)
Aphidoletes aphidimyza (predator)
Glabromicroplitis croceipes (parasitoid)
Lysiphlebus testaceipes (parasitoid)
Coleomegilla maculata (predator) Ostrinia nubilalis Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Perillus bioculatus (predator) Leptinotarsa decemlineata Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Leptomastix dactylopii (parasitoid)
Aphelinus abdominalis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae
Galendromus occidentalis (predator)
Aphidius colemani (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (predator)
Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (parasitoid)
Cotesia flavipes (parasitoid)
Catolaccus grandis (parasitoid) Anthonomus grandis Cotton (Gossypium)
Apoanagyrus lopezi (parasitoid) Phenacoccus manihoti Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Macrolophus melanotoma (predator)
Hippodamia convergens (predator)
Aphytis melinus (parasitoid)
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid)
Pediobius foveolatus (parasitoid) Epilachna varivestis Soybean (Glycine max)
Edovum puttleri (parasitoid) Leptinotarsa decemlineata Eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Dacnusa sibirica (parasitoid)
Diglyphus isaea (parasitoid)
Opius pallipes (parasitoid)
Macrocentrus ancylivorus (parasitoid) Grapholita molesta Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Microterys nietneri (parasitoid)
Archytas marmoratus (parasitoid) Helicoverpa zea Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Archytas marmoratus (parasitoid) Spodoptera frugiperda Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Delphastus pusillus (predator)
Phytoseiulus longipes (predator)
Lixophaga diatraeae (parasitoid)