Annual Review of Entomology (2006) 51, 91-111

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Phyllis G. Weintraub and LeAnn Beanland (2006)
Insect vectors of phytoplasmas
Annual Review of Entomology 51, 91-111
Abstract: Plant diseases caused by, or associated with, phytoplasmas occur in hundreds of commercial and native plants, causing minor to extensive damage. Insect vectors, primarily leafhoppers, planthoppers, and psyllids, have been identified for relatively few phytoplasma diseases, limiting the capacity of managers to make informed decisions to protect crops and endangered indigenous plants. In the past two decades our knowledge of insect vector-phytoplasma interactions has increased dramatically, allowing researchers to make more accurate predictions about the nature and epidemiology of phytoplasma diseases. These better-characterized systems also may provide clues to the identity of insect vectors of other phytoplasma-associated diseases. We review the literature addressing the ecology of insect vectors, phytoplasma-insect ecological and molecular interactions, vector movement and dispersal, and possible management strategies with an emphasis on research from the past 20 years.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Phyllis G. Weintraub, LeAnn Beanland

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
transmission/dispersal of plant diseases


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Cacopsylla pyri
Cacopsylla pyricola
Nilaparvata lugens
Phytoplasma palmae
Maize bushy stunt phytoplasma
Dalbulus maidis
Nephotettix virescens
Maiestas dorsalis
Chrysanthemum yellows phytoplasma
Metcalfa pruinosa
Phytoplasma australiense Strawberry (Fragaria) United Kingdom
Phytoplasma pruni
Scaphoideus titanus Grapevine (Vitis)
Phytoplasma vitis Grapevine (Vitis) France
Circulifer tenellus
Graminella nigrifrons
Saccharosydne saccharivora Cuba
Amrasca biguttula
Phytoplasma asteris
Haplaxius crudus
Phytoplasma prunorum
Phytoplasma solani
Nephotettix cincticeps
European aster yellows phytoplasma
Phytoplasma mali
Sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma
Macrosteles quadrilineatus
Oncopsis alni
Hyalesthes obsoletus
Orosius argentatus
Stephanitis typicus
Matsumuratettix hiroglyphicus
Eumetopina flavipes
Proutista moesta
Maiestas mica
Euscelidius variegatus France
Colladonus clitellarius
Euscelis incisus Italy
Macrosteles quadripunctulatus
Hishimonoides sellatiformis
Hishimonus phycitis
Bactericera trigonica Carrot (Daucus carota) Spain (Canary Is.)
Orosius orientalis
Phytoplasma asteris
Cacopsylla pruni
Dalbulus elimatus
Cacopsylla melanoneura
Cacopsylla picta
Phytoplasma ulmi
Circulifer haematoceps
Oliarus atkinsoni
Halyomorpha halys
Cixius wagneri
Neoaliturus fenestratus Israel
Tremulicerus vitreus
Scaphytopius irroratus
Macropsis mendax
Macrosteles striifrons Japan
Fieberiella florii
Macrosteles sexnotatus
Phytoplasma ziziphi
Phytoplasma oryzae
Austroagallia torrida
Hishimonus sellatus
Colladonus montanus
Scaphytopius acutus
Paraphlepsius irroratus
Norvellina seminuda
Gyponana lamina
Endria inimica
Empoasca papayae
Aphrodes bicinctus United Kingdom
Aphrodes albifrons
Graphocephala confluens
Lodiana indica India
Acinopterus angulatus
Cechenotettix quadrinotatus
Colladonus geminatus
Deltocephalus flavicosta Jamaica
Deltocephalus vulgaris India
Euscelis lineolatus
Hishimonoides chinensis
Loepotettix dilutior United Kingdom
Macrosteles cristatus
Macrosteles laevis
Macrosteles severini
Macrosteles viridigriseus United Kingdom
Nesophrosyne orientalis
Ollarianus balli
Osbornellus borealis
Scaphoideus luteolus
Scaphytopius delongi
Scaphoideus cyprius
Scaphytopius fuliginosus
Scaphytopius magdalensis
Scaphytopius nitridus
Rhytidodus decimusquartus
Macropsis fuscula
Macropsis scotti
Macropsis trimaculata
Alebroides nigroscutellatus
Pentastiridius leporinus
Javesella discolor
Cacopsylla pyrisuga