Journal of Integrated Pest Management (2011) 2, I1-I10

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David G. Riley, Shimat V. Joseph, Rajagopalbabu Srinivasan and Stanley Diffie (2011)
Thrips vectors of tospoviruses
Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2 (1), I1-I10
Abstract: Tospoviruses belong to the sole phytovirus genus, Tospovirus, in the family Bunyaviridae. Tospoviruses are known to be exclusively transmitted by thrips belonging to the family Thripidae and subfamily Thripinae. Of the known 1,710 species of Thripidae only 14 thrips species are currently reported to transmit tospoviruses. Thrips-transmitted tospoviruses cause severe yield losses to several economically important crops in the United States and worldwide. For instance, a single Tospovirus (Tomato spotted wilt virus) alone caused an estimated $1.4 billion in losses in the U.S. over 10 years. Global trade and associated movement of plant materials across borders have introduced tospoviruses and their vectors into newer areas. Advances in serological and molecular techniques have also led to identification of new tospoviruses. This scenario has also initiated new vector-pathogen interactions between introduced and native thrips species and tospoviruses. The goal of this manuscript is to provide a comprehensive and updated list of thrips species that serve as vectors of tospoviruses along with information pertaining to common names, key diagnostic characters, distribution, important crops economically affected, and thrips and Tospovirus-induced symptoms. The manuscript is prepared with special emphasis to the U.S., but information pertaining to other countries is also included.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
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Database assignments for author(s): David G. Riley, Shimat V. Joseph, Rajagopalbabu Srinivasan

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
transmission/dispersal of plant diseases


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Frankliniella occidentalis
Thrips palmi
Thrips tabaci
Tomato spotted wilt virus
Frankliniella schultzei
Scirtothrips dorsalis
Frankliniella intonsa
Impatiens necrotic spot virus
Groundnut bud necrosis virus
Thrips setosus
Iris yellow spot virus
Frankliniella bispinosa
Frankliniella fusca
Groundnut ringspot virus
Tomato chlorotic spot virus
Frankliniella zucchini
Zucchini lethal chlorosis virus
Chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus
Melon yellow spot virus
Ceratothripoides claratris
Peanut chlorotic fan-spot virus
Capsicum chlorosis virus
Groundnut yellow spot virus
Tomato yellow fruit ring virus
Calla lily chlorotic spot virus
Frankliniella cephalica
Frankliniella gemina
Watermelon silver mottle virus
Thripidae
Bunyaviridae