Agricultural and Forest Entomology (2000) 2, 85-95

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Guy J. Hallman (2000)
Expanding radiation quarantine treatments beyond fruit flies
Agricultural and Forest Entomology 2 (2), 85-95
Abstract: 1. The potential of ionizing radiation as a disinfestation treatment for insects other than tephritid fruit flies is discussed. Radiation quarantine treatments are unique in that insects are not killed immediately but rendered sterile or incapable of completing development.
2. The most tolerant insect stage to radiation is that which is most developed. Female insects, but not always mites, are sterilized with equal or lower doses than males.
3. Insects irradiated with sterilizing doses usually have shorter longevities than non-irradiated ones. Low oxygen conditions often increase tolerance to radiation.
4. Insects in diapause are not more tolerant of radiation than non-diapausing ones.
5. Some pests of several groups, such as aphids, whiteflies, weevils, scarab beetles, and fruit flies, may be controlled with doses <100 Gy. Some lepidopterous pests and most mites require about 300 Gy. Stored product moths may require as much as 1 kGy to sterilize, and nematodes could need > 4 kGy.
6. Even though application of irradiation to pallet-loads of produce could mean that up to three times the minimum required dose is applied to the perimeter of the pallet, many fresh commodities tolerate doses required for quarantine security against many quarantined pests. Irradiation is arguably the most widely applicable quarantine treatment from the standpoint of commodity quality.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Guy J. Hallman

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
quarantine treatments/regulations/aspects

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Cydia pomonella
Plodia interpunctella
Callosobruchus maculatus
Anthonomus grandis
Hypera postica
Sitophilus granarius
Sitophilus zeamais
Oryzaephilus surinamensis
Rhyzopertha dominica
Tenebrio molitor
Tenebrio obscurus
Lasioderma serricorne
Trogoderma glabrum
Trogoderma variabile
Myzus persicae
Tetranychus urticae
Sitotroga cerealella
Lymantria dispar
Anopheles quadrimaculatus
Cylas formicarius
Popillia japonica
Spodoptera litura
Trialeurodes vaporariorum
Cadra cautella
Eoreuma loftini
Epilachna varivestis
Tetranychus cinnabarinus
Thrips palmi
Tyrophagus putrescentiae
Corcyra cephalonica
Acarus siro
Meloidogyne javanica
Rhagoletis pomonella
Rhizoglyphus echinopus
Attagenus unicolor
Thrips tabaci
Palorus subdepressus
Brachycorynella asparagi
Rhagoletis indifferens
Rhagoletis mendax
Pediculus humanus
Ctenopseustis obliquana
Retithrips syriacus
Sternochetus mangiferae
Anthrenus flavipes
Pantomorus cervinus
Pseudococcus comstocki
Dysdercus koenigii
Ecdytolopha aurantiana
Conotrachelus nenuphar
Trogoderma inclusum
Conopomorpha sinensis