Annual Review of Entomology (2007) 52, 375-400

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Samantha M. Cook, Zeyaur R. Khan and John A. Pickett (2007)
The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management
Annual Review of Entomology 52, 375-400
Abstract: Push-pull strategies involve the behavioral manipulation of insect pests and their natural enemies via the integration of stimuli that act to make the protected resource unattractive or unsuitable to the pests (push) while luring them toward an attractive source (pull) from where the pests are subsequently removed. The push and pull components are generally nontoxic. Therefore, the strategies are usually integrated with methods for population reduction, preferably biological control. Push-pull strategies maximize efficacy of behavior-manipulating stimuli through the additive and synergistic effects of integrating their use. By orchestrating a predictable distribution of pests, efficiency of population-reducing components can also be increased. The strategy is a useful tool for integrated pest management programs reducing pesticide input. We describe the principles of the strategy, list the potential components, and present case studies reviewing work on the development and use of push-pull strategies in each of the major areas of pest control.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Samantha M. Cook, Zeyaur R. Khan, John A. Pickett

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation
control - general


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Leptinotarsa decemlineata Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Helicoverpa armigera Cotton (Gossypium) India
Blattella germanica
Haematobia irritans
Glossina palpalis
Chilo partellus Maize/corn (Zea mays) Kenya
Delia antiqua Onion/garlic/leek (Allium)
Dendroctonus frontalis Pine (Pinus)
Frankliniella occidentalis United Kingdom
Lucilia cuprina
Rhagoletis cerasi Cherry (Prunus avium - Prunus cerasus) Switzerland
Brassicogethes aeneus Rape/canola (Brassica napus) United Kingdom
Culicoides impunctatus United Kingdom
Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Dendroctonus ponderosae Pine (Pinus)
Ips paraconfusus Pine (Pinus)