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Sporisorium Ehrenb. ex Link 1825
The genus Sporisorium contains more than 100 species of smut fungi infecting grasses and gramineous crops like sorghum, maize and sugarcane. Economically, the most important species are head smut of maize, Sporisorium reilianum, sugarcane smut, Sporisorium scitamineum, and covered kernel smut of sorghum, Sporisorium sorghi.
Sporisorium is closely related to the genus Ustilago. The taxonomy of both genera has been discussed by Stoll et al., 2003. In a taxonomic revision, McTaggart et al. (2012) emended the original description of Sporisorium and discussed its relationship to other genera of smut fungi.
Type species: Sporisorium sorghi
Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: