|• English:||club fungi|
Basidiomycota (club fungi)
The Basidiomycota are characterized by their basidia, club-shaped structures (often only one cell) on which 2 to 4 haploid basidiospores are formed. These spores initiate the sexual reproduction cycle. The mycelia are septate with dicaryotic cells often forming "clamp connections". The clamp connection ensures that during cell division the new cell receives one nucleus from each parent.
The group includes many important plant pathogens like the rust fungi (the order of Pucciniales) and the smut fungi (the class of Ustilaginomycetes).
This page deals only with plant pathogens of crops, for beneficial groups see:
For details see the respective page in Wikipedia.
The following groups and classes are here included: