Annual Review of Entomology (2006) 51, 609-634

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J.C. van Lenteren, J. Bale, F. Bigler, H.M.T. Hokkanen and A.J.M. Loomans (2006)
Assessing risks of releasing exotic biological control agents of arthropod pests
Annual Review of Entomology 51, 609-634
Abstract: More than 5000 introductions of about 2000 species of exotic arthropod agents for control of arthropod pests in 196 countries or islands during the past 120 years rarely have resulted in negative environmental effects. Yet, risks of environmental effects caused by releases of exotics are of growing concern. Twenty countries have implemented regulations for release of biological control agents. Soon, the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM3) will become the standard for all biological control introductions worldwide, but this standard does not provide methods by which to assess environmental risks. This review summarizes documented nontarget effects and discusses the development and application of comprehensive and quick-scan environmental risk assessment methods.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Joop C. van Lenteren, Jeffrey S. Bale, Antoon J.M. Loomans

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
non-target effects/fate in environm.
classical biocontrol/new introduction

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Levuana iridescens Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Fiji Islands
Coccinella septempunctata (predator)
Harmonia axyridis (predator)
Compsilura concinnata (parasitoid)
Neoseiulus californicus (predator)
Lespesia archippivora (parasitoid) U.S.A. (Hawaii)
Trichogramma brassicae (parasitoid)
Cotesia glomerata (parasitoid) U.S.A. (NE)
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (predator)
Delphastus catalinae (predator)
Fopius arisanus (parasitoid)
Encarsia pergandiella (parasitoid)
Diachasmimorpha tryoni (parasitoid)
Eretmocerus eremicus (parasitoid)
Orius insidiosus (predator)
Macrolophus melanotoma (predator)
Hippodamia convergens (predator)
Cales noacki (parasitoid) Italy
Bessa remota (parasitoid) Levuana iridescens Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Fiji Islands
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid)
Transeius montdorensis (predator)
Tamarixia dryi (parasitoid) Reunion Island