Oecologia (2005) 146, 365-372

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Bjørn Økland, Andrew M. Liebhold, Ottar N. Bjørnstad, Nadir Erbilgin and Paal Krokene (2005)
Are bark beetle outbreaks less synchronous than forest Lepidoptera outbreaks?
Oecologia 146 (3), 365-372
Abstract: Comparisons of intraspecific spatial synchrony across multiple epidemic insect species can be useful for generating hypotheses about major determinants of population patterns at larger scales. The present study compares patterns of spatial synchrony in outbreaks of six epidemic bark beetle species in North America and Europe. Spatial synchrony among populations of the Eurasian spruce bark beetle Ips typographus was significantly higher than for the other bark beetle species. The spatial synchrony observed in epidemic bark beetles was also compared with previously published patterns of synchrony in outbreaks of defoliating forest Lepidoptera, revealing a marked difference between these two major insect groups. The bark beetles exhibited a generally lower degree of spatial synchrony than the Lepidoptera, possibly because bark beetles are synchronized by different weather variables that are acting on a smaller scale than those affecting the Lepidoptera, or because inherent differences in their dynamics leads to more cyclic oscillations and more synchronous spatial dynamics in the Lepidoptera.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Bjørn Økland, Andrew M. Liebhold, Paal Krokene, Nadir Erbilgin

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Ips typographus Norway
Dendroctonus frontalis Norway
Dendroctonus rufipennis U.S.A. (Alaska)
Dendroctonus pseudotsugae U.S.A. (NW)
Dendroctonus ponderosae U.S.A. (NW)
Ips perturbatus U.S.A. (Alaska)