Journal of Vector Ecology (2017) 42, 84-93

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N. Kwansomboon, V. Chaumeau, P. Kittiphanakun, D. Cerqueira, V. Corbel and T. Chareonviriyaphap (2017)
Vector bionomics and malaria transmission along the Thailand-Myanmar border: a baseline entomological survey
Journal of Vector Ecology 42 (1), 84-93
Abstract: Baseline entomological surveys were conducted in four sentinel sites along the Thailand-Myanmar border to address vector bionomics and malaria transmission in the context of a study on malaria elimination. Adult Anopheles mosquitoes were collected using human-landing catch and cow-bait collection in four villages during the rainy season from May-June, 2013. Mosquitoes were identified to species level by morphological characters and by AS-PCR. Sporozoite indexes were determined on head/thoraces of primary and secondary malaria vectors using real-time PCR. A total of 4,301 anopheles belonging to 12 anopheline taxa were identified. Anopheles minimus represented >98% of the Minimus Complex members (n=1,683), whereas the An. maculatus group was composed of two dominant species, An. sawadwongporni and An. maculatus. Overall, 25 Plasmodium-positive mosquitoes (of 2,323) were found, representing a sporozoite index of 1.1% [95%CI 0.66–1.50]. The transmission intensity as measured by the EIR strongly varied according to the village (ANOVA, F=17.67, df=3, P<0.0001). Our findings highlight the diversity and complexity of the biting pattern of malaria vectors along the Thailand-Myanmar border that represent a formidable challenge for malaria control and elimination.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, Vincent Corbel

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Anopheles culicifacies Myanmar
Anopheles culicifacies Thailand
Anopheles barbirostris Myanmar
Anopheles barbirostris Thailand
Anopheles subpictus Myanmar
Anopheles subpictus Thailand
Anopheles maculatus Myanmar
Anopheles maculatus Thailand
Anopheles dirus Myanmar
Anopheles dirus Thailand
Anopheles minimus Myanmar
Anopheles minimus Thailand
Anopheles tessellatus Myanmar
Anopheles tessellatus Thailand
Anopheles jamesii Myanmar
Anopheles jamesii Thailand
Anopheles aconitus Myanmar
Anopheles aconitus Thailand