Anopheles funestus

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Anopheles funestus (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): James Gathany/CDC
Source: Public Health Image Library
Anopheles funestus (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): James Gathany/CDC
Source: Public Health Image Library

Anopheles funestus Giles, 1900

This mosquito is an important malaria vector which is common in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, especially in tropical areas. It is highly anthropophilic and breeds mainly in rice fields, swamps, large ponds and lake edges, close to human settlements. A. funestus is active during the night, typically with the peak of bites occurring between 3 and 6 a.m. For control, insecticide treated bednets and indoor spraying is recommended.

A. funestus forms a species complex with several closely related species which need to be identified by PCR analysis. These include, for example:
Anopheles aconitus
Anopheles culicifacies
Anopheles fluviatilis
Anopheles leesoni
Anopheles minimus
Anopheles parensis
Anopheles rivulorum
Anopheles varuna