Studies in Mycology (2013) 76, 51-167

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A.J.L. Phillips, A. Alves, J. Abdollahzadeh, B. Slippers, M.J. Wingfield, J.Z. Groenewald and P.W. Crous (2013)
The Botryosphaeriaceae: genera and species known from culture
Studies in Mycology 76 (1), 51-167
Abstract: In this paper we give an account of the genera and species in the Botryosphaeriaceae. We consider morphological characters alone as inadequate to define genera or identify species, given the confusion it has repeatedly introduced in the past, their variation during development, and inevitable overlap as representation grows. Thus it seems likely that all of the older taxa linked to the Botryosphaeriaceae, and for which cultures or DNA sequence data are not available, cannot be linked to the species in this family that are known from culture. Such older taxa will have to be disregarded for future use unless they are epitypified. We therefore focus this paper on the 17 genera that can now be recognised phylogenetically, which concentrates on the species that are presently known from culture. Included is a historical overview of the family, the morphological features that define the genera and species and detailed descriptions of the 17 genera and 110 species. Keys to the genera and species are also provided. Phylogenetic relationships of the genera are given in a multi-locus tree based on combined SSU, ITS, LSU, EF1-alpha and ß-tubulin sequences. The morphological descriptions are supplemented by phylogenetic trees (ITS alone or ITS + EF1-alpha) for the species in each genus.
Taxonomic novelties: New species – Neofusicoccum batangarum Begoude, Jol. Roux and Slippers. New combinations – Botryosphaeria fabicerciana (S.F. Chen, D. Pavlic, M.J. Wingf. and X.D. Zhou) A.J.L. Phillips and A. Alves, Botryosphaeria ramosa (Pavlic, T.I. Burgess, M.J. Wingf.) A.J.L. Phillips and A. Alves, Cophinforma atrovirens (Mehl and Slippers) A. Alves and A.J.L. Phillips, Cophinforma mamane (D.E. Gardner) A.J.L. Phillips and A. Alves, Dothiorella pretoriensis (Jami, Gryzenh., Slippers and M.J. Wingf.) Abdollahz. and A.J.L. Phillips, Dothiorella thailandica (D.Q. Dai., J.K. Liu and K.D. Hyde) Abdollahz., A.J.L. Phillips and A. Alves, Dothiorella uruguayensis (C.A. Pérez, Blanchette, Slippers and M.J. Wingf.) Abdollahz. and A.J.L. Phillips, Lasiodiplodia lignicola (Ariyawansa, J.K. Liu and K.D. Hyde) A.J.L. Phillips, A. Alves and Abdollahz., Neoscytalidium hyalinum (C.K. Campb. and J.L. Mulder) A.J.L. Phillips, Groenewald and Crous, Sphaeropsis citrigena (A.J.L. Phillips, P.R. Johnst. and Pennycook) A.J.L. Phillips and A. Alves, Sphaeropsis eucalypticola (Doilom, J.K. Liu, and K.D. Hyde) A.J.L. Phillips, Sphaeropsis porosa (Van Niekerk and Crous) A.J.L. Phillips and A. Alves. Epitypification (basionym) – Sphaeria sapinea Fries. Neotypifications (basionyms) – Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat., Physalospora agaves Henn, Sphaeria atrovirens var. visci Alb. and Schwein.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
(original language: English)
Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Alan J.L. Phillips, Bernard Slippers, Michael J. Wingfield, Johannes Z. Groenewald, Pedro W. Crous, Artur Alves, Jafar Abdollahzadeh

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Diplodia mutila Apple (Malus) United Kingdom
Diplodia mutila Poplar/aspen (Populus) France
Botryosphaeria dothidea Switzerland
Botryosphaeria dothidea Rosa (crop) France
Botryosphaeria dothidea Horse-chestnut/buckeye (Aesculus) Italy
Diplodia seriata Italy
Diplodia seriata Grapevine (Vitis) Portugal (continental)
Neoscytalidium dimidiatum United Kingdom
Diplodia bulgarica Apple (Malus) Bulgaria
Diplodia quercivora Oak (Quercus) Tunisia