Rhizobium radiobacter

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Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall) symptoms on peach (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): University of Georgia Plant Pathology Archive, University of Georgia
Source: IPM Images

Rhizobium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Young et al. 2001 - (crown gall)

The bacterium is considered taxonomically identical to the crown gall causing species Agrobacterium tumefaciens. It was described first and this name should have taxonomic priority (Young et al., 2001). However, the name A. tumefaciens is still commonly used by plant pathologists and by scientists working on genetically modified plants.

The concept of R. radiobacter includes both pathogenic (crown gall causing strains) as well as non pathogenic strains, including strains which are beneficial antagonists to the crown gall disease (see antagonistic Rhizobium radiobacter). On the other hand, the name A. tumefaciens has been only used for pathogenic strains.

For details and for additional literature on this species, see Agrobacterium tumefaciens.

Synonyms
Agrobacterium radiobacter