Journal of Economic Entomology (2015) 108, 183-191

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D.R. Miller, K.J. Dodds, E.R. Hoebeke, T.M. Poland and E.A. Willhite (2015)
Variation in effects of conophthorin on catches of Ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in ethanol-baited traps in the United States
Journal of Economic Entomology 108 (1), 183-191
Abstract: In 2013, we examined the effects of conophthorin on flight responses of ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to multiple-funnel traps baited with ethanol in Georgia, Michigan, New Hampshire, and Oregon. Adventive species (=exotic, nonnative, immigrant, introduced) accounted for 91.4% of total catches of ambrosia beetles. Conophthorin increased catches of Xyleborinus saxesenii (Ratzeburg) in Georgia, New Hampshire, and Oregon. Catches of Cyclorhipidion pelliculosum (Eichhoff) were increased by conophthorin in New Hampshire but not in Michigan. In Oregon, conophthorin decreased catches of Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) to ethanol-baited traps but not in Michigan and New Hampshire. In Georgia, conophthorin increased catches of Gnathotrichus materiarius (Fitch), Xyleborus spp., and Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky) but decreased catches of Cnestus mutilatus (Blandford), Dryoxylon onoharaensum (Murayama), and Cyclorhipidion bodoanum (Reitter). Conophthorin had no effect on catches of Ambrosiophilus atratus (Eichhoff), Anisandrus dispar (F.), Anisandrus sayi (Hopkins), Gnathotrichus sulcatus (Leconte), Monarthrum fasciatum (Say), Monarthrum mali (Fitch), and Xylosandrus compactus (Eichhoff). Attraction of the bark beetle, Hypothenemus rotundicollis (Eichhoff), was interrupted by conophthorin in Georgia. Our results suggest that adding conophthorin lures to traps baited with ethanol may have utility in detection programs in North America and overseas. However, traps baited with ethanol alone should also be used due to interruption in attraction for some species of ambrosia beetles.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Daniel R. Miller, Kevin J. Dodds, Therese M. Poland

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Xyleborinus saxeseni U.S.A. (NE)
Xyleborinus saxeseni U.S.A. (SE)
Xylosandrus compactus U.S.A. (SE)
Gnathotrichus materiarius U.S.A. (SE)
Xylosandrus crassiusculus U.S.A. (SE)
Gnathotrichus sulcatus U.S.A. (SE)
Monarthrum fasciatum U.S.A. (SE)
Cnestus mutilatus U.S.A. (SE)
Monarthrum mali U.S.A. (SE)