Insects (2020) 11 (12 - 831)

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Rebeca Gutierrez-Moreno, David Mota-Sanchez, Carlos A. Blanco, Desmi Chandrasena, Christina Difonzo, Jeffrey Conner, Graham Head, Kristina Berman and John Wise (2020)
Susceptibility of fall armyworms (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E.) from Mexico and Puerto Rico to Bt proteins
Insects 11 (12 - 831)
Abstract: Fall armyworm is one of the main pests of conventional and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn in many countries in the Americas, Africa, Asia and in Australia. We conducted diet-overlay bioassays to determine the status of susceptibility to four Bt proteins (Cry1A.105, Cry2Ab2, Cry1F and Cry1Ac) in three different populations of fall armyworm from Mexico, and one population from Puerto Rico. Bioassays showed that fall armyworms from Puerto Rico were resistant to Cry1F with a resistance ratio 50 (RR50) higher than 10,000 ng/cm2 and to Cry1Ac with a RR50 = 12.2 ng/cm2, displaying the highest median lethal concentration (LC50) values to all Bt proteins tested. The effective concentration 50 (EC50) values further confirmed the loss of susceptibility to Cry1F and Cry1Ac in this population. However, LC50 and EC50 results with Cry1A.105 and Cry2Ab2 revealed that fall armyworm from Puerto Rico remained largely susceptible to these two proteins. The Mexican populations were highly susceptible to all the Bt proteins tested and displayed the lowest LC50 and EC50 values to all Bt proteins. Our results suggest that Cry1F and Cry1Ac resistance is stable in fall armyworm from Puerto Rico. However, this population remains susceptible to Cry1A.105 and Cry2Ab2. Results with Mexican fall armyworms suggest that possible deployment of Bt corn in Mexico will not be immediately challenged by Bt-resistant genes in those regions.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Carlos A. Blanco, Desmi Chandrasena, Graham Head, John C. Wise

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Spodoptera frugiperda Costa Rica
Spodoptera frugiperda Mexico
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A-toxin (entomopathogen) Spodoptera frugiperda Puerto Rico
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1F-toxin (entomopathogen) Spodoptera frugiperda Puerto Rico
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2A-toxin (entomopathogen) Spodoptera frugiperda