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Gaeumannomyces graminis (Sacc.) von Arx et D. Olivier 1952
This fungus has been long regarded as an important soil-borne pathogen of cereals, causing the take-all disease of wheat as well as diseases on other cereals and grasses. The type was collected from Cynodon or Agropyron and several subspecies were described. Following a taxonomic revision, two important subspecies have been found to be phylogenetically distinct from G. graminis and have been assigned to separate species:
• For Gaeumannomyces graminis var. avenae which infects oats and turfgrasses see Gaeumannomyces avenae.
• For Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici which attacks wheat (take-all disease of wheat), barley and other grasses see Gaeumannomyces tritici.
Note on the literature database:
In the literature database displayed at the top left of this page, all records on wheat and oats have been transferred to the above 2 species.