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Ceratocystis cacaofunesta Engelb. & T.C. Harr. 2005 - (cacao canker)
The fungus causes canker, wilt and death of cacao trees in Central and South America. Infections can result in a significant number of trees lost in a plantation. The fungus is considered to be native to some parts of South and Central America, but has spread to other parts of the continent. It often enters the trees through fresh wounds, created during harvest and pruning activities. The fungus also spreads via rain splashes and ambrosia beetles of the genus Xyleborus. Since the use of fungicides is often not economical, research emphasis has been placed on developing resistant cutivars. The species has previously been considered to be part of the Ceratocystis fimbriata species complex.
|• English:||cacao canker|
|• Español:||cáncer del cacao
necrosis del cacao
|• Français:||pourriture du cacao|
For a review of this species see Engelbrecht et al., 2007.