Brevipalpus (genus)

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Brevipalpus phoenicis (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Eric Erbe, USDA, ARS
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Brevipalpus Donnadieu, 1775 - (false spider mites)

This genus of plant feeding mites is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions and contains more than 200 species. Several species are important polyphagous plant pests, causing significant damage to fruits and leaves and transmitting virus diseases like the Citrus leprosis virus C. Brevipalpus phoenicis is the main vector of that virus and besides citrus also attacks other crops, e.g. coffee and tea.

Brevipalpus mites spread through the air. They do not produce webbing and many species are parthenogenetic, containing feminizing bacterial symbionts of the genus Cardinium. Males are rarely found. The development cycle includes an egg, larva, protonymph, deutonymph and adult stage. There is a resting period when the mite develops into the next stage.

Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: