Rathayibacter (genus)

From Pestinfo-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Literature database
14 articles sorted by:
year (recent ones first)
research topics
host plants
wheat spikes infected with Rathayibacter tritici (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
Source: Flickr

Rathayibacter Zgurskaya et al. 1993

This genus currently includes 6 species of phytopathogenic bacteria which infect cereals and grasses, causing blights, rots and other disorders of the inflorescences and seed heads. They are transmitted by anguinid seed gall nematodes. Of particular concern is Rathayibacter toxicus which is found in Australia and forms toxins, causing "annual ryegrass toxicity", a fatal livestock disease.

The genus includes gram-positive, aerobic and coryneform bacteria, characterized by their nutritional profile and DNA structure. Most species have been previously classified under the genus Clavibacter.

Type species: Rathayibacter rathayi

Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: