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Pyrrhocoris apterus (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): André Karwath
Source: Wikimedia Commons


This family contains more than 300 species of medium large (10-20 mm) bugs. They are often brightly coloured with a conspicuous pattern of red, black, yellow or white. Most species feed on developing seeds and fruits and several species are important pests of crops and trees, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. For example, cotton stainers like Dysdercus cingulatus damage the developing cotton fruits, mainly in Asia and Africa.

Vernacular names
• Deutsch: Feuerwanzen
• English: red bugs

The family resembles the Lygaeidae but ocelli are missing and the forewing membrane has more veins. The antenna are 4-segmented with the second segment longer than the third. The tarsi have 3 segments.

The following genera are currently entered in the system: