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Nosema bombycis (Naegeli, 1857) - (pébrine disease)
The pathogen infects silkworms in Asia and other regions, causing the pébrine disease. Infections of silkworm cultures have been described as chronic and slowly progressing, but can eventually result in >50% losses of cocoons. This microsporidium is also a natural pathogen of insect pests and is being explored as a biocontrol agent, e.g. against Plutella xylostella, see Nosema bombycis (entomopathogen).