Journal of Applied Entomology (2018) 142, 483-494

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P. Girod, L. Rossignaud, T. Haye, T.C.J. Turlings and M. Kenis (2018)
Development of Asian parasitoids in larvae of Drosophila suzukii feeding on blueberry and artificial diet
Journal of Applied Entomology 142 (5), 483-494
Abstract: In just a few years, the Asian fly Drosophila suzukii has invaded several continents and has become a very serious pest of many fruit crops worldwide. Current control methods rely on chemical insecticides or expensive and labour-intensive cultural practices. Classical biological control through the introduction of Asian parasitoids that have co-evolved with the pest may provide a sustainable solution on condition that they are sufficiently specific to avoid non-target effects on local biodiversity. Here, we present the first study on the development of three larval parasitoids from China and Japan, the Braconidae Asobara japonica and the Figitidae Leptopilina japonica and Ganaspis sp., on D. suzukii. The Asian parasitoids were compared with Leptopilina heterotoma, a common parasitoid of several Drosophilidae worldwide. The three Asian species were successfully reared on D. suzukii larvae in both, blueberry and artificial diet, in contrast to L. heterotoma whose eggs and larvae were encapsulated by the host larvae. All parasitoids were able to oviposit one day after emergence. Asobara japonica laid as many eggs in larvae feeding in blueberry as in artificial diet, whereas L. heterotoma oviposited more in larvae on the artificial diet and the Asian Figitidae oviposited more in larvae feeding on blueberry. Ganaspis sp. laid very few eggs in larvae in the artificial diet, suggesting that it may be specialized in Drosophila species living in fresh fruits. These data will be used for the development of a host range testing to assess the suitability of Asian parasitoids as biological control agents in invaded regions.
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Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Marc Kenis, Ted C.J. Turlings, Tim Haye

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution
rearing/culturing/mass production

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Drosophila suzukii Blueberry/cranberry (Vaccinium) Switzerland
Leptopilina heterotoma (parasitoid) Drosophila suzukii Switzerland
Asobara japonica (parasitoid) Drosophila suzukii Japan
Ganaspis (genus - parasitoids) Drosophila suzukii China (south)
Ganaspis (genus - parasitoids) Drosophila suzukii Japan
Leptopilina japonica (parasitoid) Drosophila suzukii China (south)
Leptopilina japonica (parasitoid) Drosophila suzukii China (NE)