Florida Entomologist (2019) 102, 284-286

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David Oi, Steven Valles, Sanford Porter, Christopher Cavanaugh, Gregory White and Jennifer Henke (2019)
Introduction of fire ant biological control agents into the Coachella Valley of California
Florida Entomologist 102 (1), 284-286
Abstract: The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), is a stinging, invasive ant from South America that has plagued the southern US since the 1930s. It is currently established in parts of California, including the Coachella Valley. We introduced and established the fire ant decapitating phorid flies, Pseudacteon curvatus Borgmeier and Pseudacteon obtusus Borgmeier (Diptera: Phoridae); Solenopsis invicta virus 3 (Picornavirales: Solinviviridae) (SINV-3); and the microsporidian fire ant pathogen Kneallhazia solenopsae Knell, Allan, and Hazard (Microsporida: Thelohaniidae) for the biological control of fire ants in this region of California. This is the first establishment of fire ant decapitating phorid flies in California. In addition, we demonstrated human-mediated establishment of SINV-3 and K. solenopsae in hot, dry, but irrigated, urban desert habitat.
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Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): David H. Oi, Steven M. Valles, Sanford D. Porter

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
classical biocontrol/new introduction

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Solenopsis invicta U.S.A. (SW)
Pseudacteon curvatus (parasitoid) Solenopsis invicta U.S.A. (SW)
Kneallhazia solenopsae (entomopathogen) Solenopsis invicta U.S.A. (SW)
Pseudacteon obtusus (parasitoid) Solenopsis invicta U.S.A. (SW)
Solenopsis invicta virus 3 (entomopathogen) Solenopsis invicta U.S.A. (SW)