Solenopsis invicta virus 3 (entomopathogen)

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Solenopsis invicta virus 3 (entomopathogen) - (SINV-3)

This virus infects the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta. It causes consistent mortality in infected laboratory colonies and cessation of brood production, unlike the other 2 S. invicta viruses (SINV-1 and SINV-2). The virus has been recorded from South America and Florida (e.g. Valles and Oi, 2014).

The virus is considered for release as a biocontrol agent in other regions. It is highly host specific, only infecting Solenopsis fire ants native in South America. It has a positive, single-stranded RNA genome and belongs to the family Dicistroviridae. However, it has not yet been assigned to a genus.