Environmental Entomology (2006) 35, 379-386

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M.N. Parajulee, R.B. Shrestha, J.F. Leser, D.B. Wester and C.A. Blanco (2006)
Evaluation of the functional response of selected arthropod predators on bollworm eggs in the laboratory and effect of temperature on their predation efficiency
Environmental Entomology 35 (2), 379-386
Abstract: A functional response study of the eight most common arthropod predators of cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), eggs was conducted in the laboratory. Predators were starved for 24 h, and single predators were exposed to different prey density treatments. Predation response was observed at 6, 12, and 24 h after feeding trials began. At the highest prey density (150 eggs per predator), Hippodamia convergens Guerin-Meneville and Collops quadrimaculatus (F.) adults and Chrysopa oculata Say larvae showed the highest consumption rates (116, 85, and 119 eggs/24 h, respectively), followed by H. convergens larvae (51 eggs/24 h), adult Geocoris punctipes (Say) (45 eggs/24 h), and adult Scymnus loewii Mulsant, Orius insidiosus (Say), Notoxus spp., and Nabis capsiformis Germar (1, 1, 10, and 12 eggs/24 h, respectively). Adult Notoxus spp., N. capsiformis, and O. insidiosus showed type 1 functional response, whereas adult C. quadrimaculatus, G. punctipes, H. convergens, and larval H. convergens and C. oculata showed type 2 response. All predators consumed the highest number of bollworm eggs at 35°C and the lowest numbers at 15°C; predation rate at 35°C was four times higher than that at 15°C. The prey density-dependent behavior of predators and effect of temperature on their predation behavior are discussed.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Megha N. Parajulee, Carlos A. Blanco

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Helicoverpa zea
Orius insidiosus (predator) Helicoverpa zea
Geocoris punctipes (predator) Helicoverpa zea
Chrysopa oculata (predator) Helicoverpa zea
Hippodamia convergens (predator) Helicoverpa zea
Nabis capsiformis (predator) Helicoverpa zea
Collops quadrimaculatus (predator) Helicoverpa zea
Scymnus loewii (predator) Helicoverpa zea