Bulletin of Entomological Research (1999) 89, 303-327

From Pestinfo-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

G.S. Cumming (1999)
Host distributions do not limit the species ranges of most African ticks (Acari: Ixodida)
Bulletin of Entomological Research 89 (4), 303-327
Abstract: The factors that set broad-scale limits on the species ranges of ticks have not been clearly defined, despite their potential importance for the study and control of.ticks. A database of 33,989 published collection records for African ticks is used to test the hypothesis that the outer limits to tick species ranges are determined by the distributions of their hosts. Distribution maps for many of the more economically important tick species are given. Direct comparisons of the known ranges of ticks and their hosts show that the hypothesis of a host-determined species range is supported for only one tick species, Amblyomma rhinocerotis (de Geer), which has been constrained by the near-eradication of its rhinoceros hosts. At least 97 other species are not host-limited; the quality of available host-use and distribution information is insufficient to draw strong conclusions about the (approximately) 132 remaining species. In general, the boundaries to tick species ranges are more likely to be set by factors such as vegetation and climate.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Graeme S. Cumming

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Rhipicephalus sanguineus Benin
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Burkina Faso
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Burundi
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Cameroon
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Central African Republic
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Chad
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Congo-Republic
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Congo-Democratic Republic
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Djibouti
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Eritrea
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Ethiopia
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Gambia
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Ghana
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Guinea
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Ivory Coast
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Kenya
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Mali
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Mauritania
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Niger
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Nigeria
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Rwanda
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Senegal
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Sierra Leone
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Somalia
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Sudan
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Tanzania
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Togo
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Uganda
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Angola
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Botswana
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Malawi
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Mozambique
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Namibia
Rhipicephalus sanguineus South Africa
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Zambia
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Zimbabwe
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Algeria
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Egypt
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Libya
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Morocco
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Tunisia
Amblyomma variegatum Benin
Amblyomma variegatum Burkina Faso
Amblyomma variegatum Burundi
Amblyomma variegatum Cameroon
Amblyomma variegatum Central African Republic
Amblyomma variegatum Chad
Amblyomma variegatum Congo-Republic
Amblyomma variegatum Congo-Democratic Republic
Amblyomma variegatum Eritrea
Amblyomma variegatum Ethiopia
Amblyomma variegatum Gabon
Amblyomma variegatum Gambia
Amblyomma variegatum Ghana
Amblyomma variegatum Guinea-Bissau
Amblyomma variegatum Guinea
Amblyomma variegatum Ivory Coast
Amblyomma variegatum Kenya
Amblyomma variegatum Mali
Amblyomma variegatum Niger
Amblyomma variegatum Nigeria
Amblyomma variegatum Rwanda
Amblyomma variegatum Senegal
Amblyomma variegatum Sierra Leone
Amblyomma variegatum Somalia
Amblyomma variegatum Sudan
Amblyomma variegatum Tanzania
Amblyomma variegatum Togo
Amblyomma variegatum Uganda
Amblyomma variegatum Angola
Amblyomma variegatum Malawi
Amblyomma variegatum Mozambique
Amblyomma variegatum South Africa
Amblyomma variegatum Zambia
Amblyomma variegatum Zimbabwe
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Burundi
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Central African Republic
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Chad
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Congo-Democratic Republic
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Kenya
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Rwanda
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Somalia
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Sudan
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Tanzania
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Uganda
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Botswana
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Malawi
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Mozambique
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus South Africa
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Eswatini
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Zambia
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Zimbabwe
Hyalomma truncatum Benin
Hyalomma truncatum Burkina Faso
Hyalomma truncatum Burundi
Hyalomma truncatum Cameroon
Hyalomma truncatum Central African Republic
Hyalomma truncatum Chad
Hyalomma truncatum Congo-Republic
Hyalomma truncatum Congo-Democratic Republic
Hyalomma truncatum Djibouti
Hyalomma truncatum Eritrea
Hyalomma truncatum Ethiopia
Hyalomma truncatum Gambia
Hyalomma truncatum Ghana
Hyalomma truncatum Guinea-Bissau
Hyalomma truncatum Guinea
Hyalomma truncatum Ivory Coast
Hyalomma truncatum Kenya
Hyalomma truncatum Mali
Hyalomma truncatum Mauritania
Hyalomma truncatum Niger
Hyalomma truncatum Nigeria
Hyalomma truncatum Senegal
Hyalomma truncatum Somalia
Hyalomma truncatum Sudan
Hyalomma truncatum Tanzania
Hyalomma truncatum Uganda
Hyalomma truncatum Angola
Hyalomma truncatum Botswana
Hyalomma truncatum Malawi
Hyalomma truncatum Mozambique
Hyalomma truncatum Namibia
Hyalomma truncatum South Africa
Hyalomma truncatum Eswatini
Hyalomma truncatum Zambia
Hyalomma truncatum Zimbabwe
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Benin
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Burkina Faso
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Burundi
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Cameroon
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Central African Republic
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Chad
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Congo-Democratic Republic
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Eritrea
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Ethiopia
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Gambia
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Ghana
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Guinea-Bissau
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Guinea
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Ivory Coast
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Kenya
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Liberia
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Mali
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Mauritania
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Niger
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Nigeria
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Rwanda
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Senegal
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Sierra Leone
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Somalia
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Sudan
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Tanzania
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Togo
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Uganda
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Angola
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Botswana
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Malawi
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Mozambique
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Namibia
Rhipicephalus decoloratus South Africa
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Eswatini
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Zambia
Rhipicephalus decoloratus Zimbabwe
Rhipicephalus simus Burkina Faso
Rhipicephalus simus Burundi
Rhipicephalus simus Cameroon
Rhipicephalus simus Central African Republic
Rhipicephalus simus Chad
Rhipicephalus simus Congo-Democratic Republic
Rhipicephalus simus Eritrea
Rhipicephalus simus Ethiopia
Rhipicephalus simus Kenya
Rhipicephalus simus Mali
Rhipicephalus simus Nigeria
Rhipicephalus simus Rwanda
Rhipicephalus simus Senegal
Rhipicephalus simus Somalia
Rhipicephalus simus Sudan
Rhipicephalus simus Tanzania
Rhipicephalus simus Uganda
Rhipicephalus simus Angola
Rhipicephalus simus Botswana
Rhipicephalus simus Malawi
Rhipicephalus simus Mozambique
Rhipicephalus simus Namibia
Rhipicephalus simus South Africa
Rhipicephalus simus Eswatini
Rhipicephalus simus Zambia
Rhipicephalus simus Zimbabwe
Rhipicephalus simus Egypt
Rhipicephalus simus Libya
Hyalomma rufipes Benin
Hyalomma rufipes Burkina Faso
Hyalomma rufipes Cameroon
Hyalomma rufipes Central African Republic
Hyalomma rufipes Chad
Hyalomma rufipes Congo-Democratic Republic
Hyalomma rufipes Eritrea
Hyalomma rufipes Ethiopia
Hyalomma rufipes Gambia
Hyalomma rufipes Ghana
Hyalomma rufipes Guinea
Hyalomma rufipes Kenya
Hyalomma rufipes Mali
Hyalomma rufipes Mauritania
Hyalomma rufipes Niger
Hyalomma rufipes Nigeria
Hyalomma rufipes Senegal
Hyalomma rufipes Sierra Leone
Hyalomma rufipes Somalia
Hyalomma rufipes Sudan
Hyalomma rufipes Tanzania
Hyalomma rufipes Togo
Hyalomma rufipes Uganda
Hyalomma rufipes Angola
Hyalomma rufipes Botswana
Hyalomma rufipes Malawi
Hyalomma rufipes Mozambique
Hyalomma rufipes Namibia
Hyalomma rufipes South Africa
Hyalomma rufipes Eswatini
Hyalomma rufipes Zambia
Hyalomma rufipes Zimbabwe
Argas persicus Benin
Argas persicus Burkina Faso
Argas persicus Cameroon
Argas persicus Chad
Argas persicus Congo-Democratic Republic
Argas persicus Eritrea
Argas persicus Ethiopia
Argas persicus Gambia
Argas persicus Ghana
Argas persicus Guinea-Bissau
Argas persicus Guinea
Argas persicus Ivory Coast
Argas persicus Kenya
Argas persicus Liberia
Argas persicus Mali
Argas persicus Mauritania
Argas persicus Niger
Argas persicus Nigeria
Argas persicus Senegal
Argas persicus Sierra Leone
Argas persicus Somalia
Argas persicus Sudan
Argas persicus Tanzania
Argas persicus Togo
Argas persicus Angola
Argas persicus Botswana
Argas persicus Mozambique
Argas persicus Namibia
Argas persicus South Africa
Argas persicus Eswatini
Argas persicus Algeria
Argas persicus Egypt
Argas persicus Libya
Argas persicus Morocco
Haemaphysalis leachi Benin
Haemaphysalis leachi Burkina Faso
Haemaphysalis leachi Burundi
Haemaphysalis leachi Cameroon
Haemaphysalis leachi Central African Republic
Haemaphysalis leachi Congo-Republic
Haemaphysalis leachi Congo-Democratic Republic
Haemaphysalis leachi Ethiopia
Haemaphysalis leachi Gabon
Haemaphysalis leachi Gambia
Haemaphysalis leachi Ghana
Haemaphysalis leachi Guinea-Bissau
Haemaphysalis leachi Guinea
Haemaphysalis leachi Ivory Coast
Haemaphysalis leachi Kenya
Haemaphysalis leachi Liberia
Haemaphysalis leachi Mali
Haemaphysalis leachi Mauritania
Haemaphysalis leachi Nigeria
Haemaphysalis leachi Rwanda
Haemaphysalis leachi Senegal
Haemaphysalis leachi Sierra Leone
Haemaphysalis leachi Somalia
Haemaphysalis leachi Sudan
Haemaphysalis leachi Tanzania
Haemaphysalis leachi Uganda
Haemaphysalis leachi Angola
Haemaphysalis leachi Botswana
Haemaphysalis leachi Lesotho
Haemaphysalis leachi Malawi
Haemaphysalis leachi Mozambique
Haemaphysalis leachi Namibia
Haemaphysalis leachi South Africa
Haemaphysalis leachi Eswatini
Haemaphysalis leachi Zambia
Haemaphysalis leachi Zimbabwe
Haemaphysalis leachi Libya
Rhipicephalus pravus Burundi
Rhipicephalus pravus Cameroon
Rhipicephalus pravus Congo-Democratic Republic
Rhipicephalus pravus Eritrea
Rhipicephalus pravus Ethiopia
Rhipicephalus pravus Kenya
Rhipicephalus pravus Nigeria
Rhipicephalus pravus Rwanda
Rhipicephalus pravus Somalia
Rhipicephalus pravus Sudan
Rhipicephalus pravus Tanzania
Rhipicephalus pravus Uganda
Rhipicephalus pravus Angola
Rhipicephalus pravus Botswana
Rhipicephalus pravus Malawi
Rhipicephalus pravus Mozambique
Rhipicephalus pravus Namibia
Rhipicephalus pravus South Africa
Rhipicephalus pravus Zambia
Rhipicephalus pravus Zimbabwe