Apple fruit crinkle viroid

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Apple fruit crinkle viroid (AFCVd)

This viroid is found naturally in Japan on apple, hop and persimmon. Other plants can be experimentally infected like tomatoes or pear. On apple it causes crinkling and dappling of the mature fruit surface. Infected hop plants are stunted.

The nucleotide sequences (369 to 372 nt) are up to 85% identical to Australian grapevine viroid and the biological differences between both viroids are not clear yet.