Anopheles stephensi

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Anopheles stephensi (click on image to enlarge it)
Author: James Gathany, William Collins/CDC
Source: CDC Public Health Image Library
Anopheles stephensi larva (click on image to enlarge it)
Author: Harry Weinburgh, CDC
Source: CDC Public Health Image Library

Anopheles stephensi (Liston, 1901) - (Asian malaria mosquito)

The mosquito is an important malaria vector in western Asia and the Near East and is related to Anopheles gambiae. It has been estimates that it transmits about 12% of the malaria cases in India. Control efforts with insecticides can be difficult due to pesticide resistance.

It feeds during the night and commonly bites humans, preferring humans to domestic animals. It breeds in various natural and man-made habitats like pools, ponds, streams, tree holes or swamps as well as water containers and wells. The adults have a similar size to those of A. gambiae.