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Anopheles lesteri Baisas & Hu, 1936
The mosquito is found in eastern Asia and is a vector of malaria and filariasis (Brugia malayi). It prefers to bite humans rather than animals and is considered the primary vector of Plasmodium vivax malaria in some areas like central and southern China. It also transmits Plasmodium falciparum. A. lestri breeds in various water bodies, including fresh water pools, ponds, ditches, swamps and rice fields.
The species is a member of the Anopheles hyrcanus group. Anopheles lesteri anthropophagus Xu and Feng, 1975 is regarded as a separate species by some authors. Anopheles paraliae is a closely related species and also sometimes considered to be a subspecies.
For a review of this species see Sinka et al. 2011.