Annals of the Entomological Society of America (2004) 97, 492-499

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Gloria Carrión and Arturo Bonet (2004)
Mycobiota associated with the coffee berry borer (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and its galleries in fruit
Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97 (3), 492-499
Abstract: Fungi associated with the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari), are determined and galleries in coffee fruit, Coffea arabica L., are described. In total, 13 fungus species were found to be associated with the coffee berry borer and its galleries. These fungi were divided into four functional groups: 1) saprobic fungi that the borer uses as food: Fusarium heterosporum Nees ex Fries, Cladosporium sp., Cladosporium oxysporum Berkeley and Curtis, and Penicillium echinulatum Fassatiová; 2) saprobic fungi that degrade borer feces: Aspergillus flavus Link, Aspergillus niger Tieghem, Mucor luteus Linnemann, Penicillium sp. 1, Humicola grisea Traaen, and Gliocladium penicilloides Corda; 3) fungi that are coffee parasites: Fusarium oxysporum Schlechetend and Fusarium solani (Martius) Saccardo; and 4) the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin. The same fungi were found on and inside the insect as well as in galleries and were components of the insect's diet. Apparent interference of B. bassiana by F. solani was observed.
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation
general biology - morphology - evolution
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
environment/habitat manipulation


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Neocosmospora solani Coffee (Coffea)
Hypothenemus hampei Coffee (Coffea)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Hypothenemus hampei Coffee (Coffea)