Sympiesis viridula (parasitoid)
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Sympiesis viridula (parasitoid) (Thomson, 1878)
This wasp is an external parasitoid of boring and mining Lepidoptera larvae. It is native to Europe and western Asia and has been introduced into North America against the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, in the 1930s (Bartlett et al., 1978, p. 234). Various other boring and mining Lepidoptera larvae are also used by this wasp as hosts, like the potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) or the spotted tentiform leafminer (Phyllonorycter blancardella).