Rhizopus stolonifer

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Rhizopus stolonifer on strawberry (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Eric McKenzie
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Rhizopus stolonifer (Ehrenb.) Vuill. 1902

This species of moulds is very common around the world and causes decay on stored products like bread (common bread mould), coffee or hull rot in almonds. In addition, it is an important mould on stored fruits and vegetables, causing soft rot (e.g. on tomatoes, strawberries or cabbage). In severe cases entire shipments may be lost.

The fungus overgrows moist substrates very quickly. The grey hyphae form sporangiophores with black spherical sporangia, about 100-200 µm in diameter. Sexual zygospores are produced when + and - strains are paired.

Vernacular names
• Deutsch: gemeiner Brotschimmel
• English: common bread mould
black bread mold
black mould of grape
Rhizopus rot
• Français: moisissure chevelue


Synonyms:
Rhizopus nigricans

For details see the respective page in Wikipedia.