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EM image showing the bullet-shaped particles of a rhabdovirus (click on image to enlarge it)
Source: CDC - Wikimedia Commons


Includes viruses with bullet-shaped or bacilliform, enveloped, particles which contain a monopartite negative sense ssRNA genome. The genome is approximately 11-16 kilobases long and encapsidated by the nucleoprotein. The family includes about 160 viruses grouped into 9 genera. These often infect vertebrates, but also plants and invertebrates.

This page only deals with the plant rhabdoviruses which includes 2 genera and about 90 species. The division between the 2 genera is based on whether they multiply in the cytoplasm or nucleus of the plants. The genome of plant rhabdoviruses varies from 12 to 14.5 kb and encodes 6 to 10 genes. They infect a large variety of plant families including many crops. They are transmitted by and replicate in hemipteran insects such as aphids (Aphididae), leafhoppers (Cicadellidae), or planthoppers (Delphacidae).

For a review see Mann & Dietzgen, 2014.

The following genera are currently entered under Rhabdoviridae: