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Pulvinaria Targioni Tozzetti, 1866 - (cottony scales)
This genus of soft scales is widely distributed and contains around 150 species. Several are important agricultural pests. Often fruit trees, ornamental trees or grapevine are attacked like in the cases of Pulvinaria floccifera, P. psidii, or P. vitis.
The females are oval in shape, often flat and secrete a cottony ovisac which covers the eggs. Apart from the shape of the ovisac, the genus can be recognized by the ventral submarginal tubular duct band and the many tubular ducts in middle of the body.
Type species: Pulvinaria vitis
Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: