Psorophora (genus)

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Psorophora ferox female (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Tom Murray
Source: BugGuide

Psorophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1827

This genus of mosquitoes contains around 50 species which are found in tropical and subtropical parts of the Americas. Several species are important pests, e.g. Psorophora ferox or P. columbiae which attack humans and livestock during the day. A number are also known to be vectors of arbovirus diseases.

The females deposit their eggs in the soil in areas likely to be covered by flood-water or rain. The eggs can withstand dry conditions for several months or even years. The larvae of the subgenus Psorophora are predators.

Important taxonomical characters of the adults include the presence of prespiracular and postspiracular setae, as well as the pointed tip of the abdomen. For a taxonomic review see Wilkerson et al., 2015.

Type species: Psorophora ciliata

Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: