Plant Pathology (2010) 59, 819-828

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C. Burt, T.W. Hollins, N. Powell and P. Nicholson (2010)
Differential seedling resistance to the eyespot pathogens, Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis, conferred by Pch2 in wheat and among accessions of Triticum monococcum
Plant Pathology 59 (5), 819-828
Abstract: Eyespot is an economically important stem-base disease of wheat caused by two fungal species: Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis. This study investigated the efficacy of two sources of resistance, viz. the genes Pch1, introgressed into hexaploid wheat from Aegilops ventricosa, and Pch2, identified in wheat cv. Cappelle Desprez, against O. yallundae and O. acuformis separately. In a series of seedling bioassays Pch1 was found to be highly effective against both species. Although Pch2 was found to confer resistance against both pathogen species, it was significantly less effective against penetration from O. yallundae than O. acuformis. Furthermore, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was not able to locate any resistance to O. yallundae on chromosome 7A of Cappelle Desprez. This has important implications for the use of Pch2 in commercial cultivars as it is necessary to have genes that confer resistance to both pathogens for effective eyespot control. In addition, a set of 22 T. monococcum accessions was screened for resistance to both O. yallundae and O. acuformis to identify potentially novel resistances and to assess the accessions for evidence of differential resistance to the eyespot species. Significant differences in resistance to the two pathogens were identified in four of these lines, providing evidence for differential resistance in T. monococcum. This study demonstrates that future screening for novel sources of eyespot resistance should investigate both pathogen species.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Paul Nicholson

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Oculimacula yallundae Wheat (Triticum)
Oculimacula acuformis Wheat (Triticum)