Plant Pathology (2002) 51, 464-471

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A.S. Turner, P. Nicholson, S.G. Edwards, G.L. Bateman, L.W. Morgan, A.D. Todd, D.W. Parry, J. Marshall and M. Nuttall (2002)
Relationship between brown foot rot and DNA of Microdochium nivale, determined by quantitative PCR, in stem bases of winter wheat
Plant Pathology 51 (4), 464-471
Abstract: Relationships between the incidence and severity of brown foot rot and of pathogenic fungi, determined by diagnostic and quantitative PCR, were investigated during the growth of nine winter wheat crops in three cropping seasons. Microdochium nivale vars nivale and majus were the only brown foot rot pathogens present in significant amounts. Relationships between disease symptoms and amounts of pathogen DNA were often weak in early spring (when shoot-base symptoms are usually most difficult to ascribe to particular pathogens by visual examination) because of indistinct symptoms and small amounts of pathogen. Relationships were strongest during stem elongation. The amount of M. nivale in the tissues tended to decline in the summer as the plants matured, apparently disappearing partially from necrotic lesions to which it contributed, resulting in a weakened relationship between symptoms and pathogen DNA. Regression analyses of brown foot rot on amounts of M. nivale DNA for different wheat cultivars generally produced lines with similar slopes but were often most significant for the cultivar with most eyespot resistance (i.e. with least confounding eyespot) or most apparently genuine brown foot rot. DNA of Fusarium spp. was rarely present in amounts sufficient to quantify.
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Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Paul Nicholson, Simon G. Edwards

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Microdochium nivale Wheat (Triticum)
Microdochium majus Wheat (Triticum)