Pest Management Science (2016) 72, 2136-2145

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Marina Vemmer, Mario Schumann, Wilhelm Beitzen-Heineke, Bryan W. French, Stefan Vidal and Anant V. Patel (2016)
Development of a CO2-releasing coformulation based on starch, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Beauveria bassiana attractive towards western corn rootworm larvae
Pest Management Science 72 (11), 2136-2145
Abstract:
BACKGROUND
CO2 is known as an attractant for many soil-dwelling pests. To implement an attract-and-kill strategy for soil pest control, CO2-emitting formulations need to be developed. The aim of the present work was to develop a slow-release bead system in order to bridge the gap between application and hatching of western corn rootworm larvae.
RESULTS
We compared different Ca-alginate beads containing Saccharomyces cerevisiae for their potential to release CO2 over a period of several weeks. The addition of starch improved CO2 release, resulting in significantly higher CO2 concentrations in soil for at least 4 weeks. The missing amylase activity was compensated for either by microorganisms present in the soil or by coencapsulation of Beauveria bassiana. Formulations containing S. cerevisiae, starch and B. bassiana were attractive for western corn rootworm larvae within the first 4 h following exposure; however, when considering the whole testing period, the maize root systems remained more attractive for the larvae.
CONCLUSION
Coencapsulation of S. cerevisiae, starch and B. bassiana is a promising approach for the development of attractive formulations for soil applications. For biological control strategies, the attractiveness needs to be increased by phagostimuli to extend contact between larvae and the entomopathogenic fungus growing out of these formulations.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Stefan Vidal, Mario Schumann, B. Wade French

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
formulation/storage of bioagents


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Diabrotica virgifera
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Diabrotica virgifera