Pest Management Science (2007) 63, 500-510

From Pestinfo-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Gang Wu, Tadashi Miyata, Chun Yu Kang and Lian Hui Xie (2007)
Insecticide toxicity and synergism by enzyme inhibitors in 18 species of pest insect and natural enemies in crucifer vegetable crops
Pest Management Science 63 (5), 500-510
Abstract: The toxicities of three enzyme inhibitors and their synergistic effects on four insecticides were studied by using the dry film method on field populations of 18 species of insects collected in Jianxin and Shanjie, China, from 2003 to 2005. Meanwhile, the inhibitory effects of these enzyme inhibitors on the activities of acetylcholinesterases (AChE), carboxyesterases (CarE) and glutathione-S-transferases (GST), in vivo, were also studied. In general, triphenyl phosphate (TPP) and diethyl maleate (DEM) showed low toxicities to six herbivorous pest insects, four ladybirds and eight parasitoids. Piperonyl butoxide (PB) exhibited low toxicities to the herbivorous pest insects and ladybirds, but high toxicities to the eight parasitoids. The tolerance to the insecticides in 11 pest insects and natural enemies was mainly associated with the tolerance to PB. PB showed the highest synergism on methamidophos, fenvalerate, fipronil and avermectin in nine species of pest insects and natural enemies. In general, TPP and DEM showed significant synergisms to these four insecticides in four parasitoid species. However, in contrast to their effects on the parasitoids, the synergistic effects of TPP and DEM on the four insecticides by TPP and DEM against four pest insects and one ladybird varied depending on the insect species and enzyme inhibitor. Activity of AChE, CarE or GST could be strongly inhibited, in vivo, by PB, TPP or DEM, depending on the insect species and enzyme inhibitors. From the results obtained in this study, mixed-function oxidase (MFO) was thought to play the most critical role in insect tolerances to the tested insecticides in the field. Low competition existed in the evolution of insecticide resistance in the field populations of parasitoids, as compared with herbivorous pest insects and ladybirds. Possible causes of the high synergistic effects of PB on the four classes of insecticides, based on multiattack on the activity of CarE, GST or AChE in the insect species, are also discussed.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Gang Wu, Tadashi Miyata

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general
health/environmental effects of pesticides
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
resistance to pesticides

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Plutella xylostella Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Bemisia tabaci Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Lipaphis erysimi Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Phytomyza atricornis Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Phyllotreta striolata Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Liriomyza sativae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Coccinella septempunctata (predator) China (south)
Cotesia vestalis (parasitoid) Plutella xylostella Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Propylea japonica (predator) China (south)
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Lipaphis erysimi Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Diglyphus isaea (parasitoid) Phytomyza atricornis Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Coccinella transversalis (predator) China (south)
Diadromus collaris (parasitoid) Plutella xylostella Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)
Pteromalus puparum (parasitoid) China (south)
Opius flavus (parasitoid) Phytomyza atricornis Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) China (south)