Neotropical Entomology (2013) 42, 102-111
E.R. Sujii, P.H.B. Togni, P. de A. Ribeiro, T. de A. Bernardes, P.V.G.N. Milane, D.P. Paula, C.S.S. Pires and E.M.G. Fontes (2013)
Field evaluation of Bt cotton crop impact on nontarget pests: Cotton aphid and boll weevil
Neotropical Entomology 42 (1), 102-111
Abstract: Bt cotton plants expressing Cry1Ac protein have high specificity for the control of lepidopteran larvae. However, studies conducted in several countries have shown these plants have a differential impact on nontarget herbivores. The aim of this study was to compare the colonization rates and population abundance of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in plots of Bt (Nuopal) and non-Bt cotton (Delta Opal) in an experimental field in Brasilia, DF, Brazil. No difference was observed in the preference and colonization by winged aphids to plants from the two treatments. There was no significant difference in abundance of wingless aphids or in the production of winged aphids between treatments. Apparently, the parameters that control factors such as fecundity, survival, and dispersal were similar on both Bt and non-Bt plants. Monitoring of plants for coccinellids, a specialist predator of aphids, and ants that act on the dispersal of aphids among plants showed no significant difference between Bt and non-Bt plants, supporting the inference above. Regarding the effect on boll weevil, there was also no significant difference between treatments in the total number of fruiting structures attacked in each plot, the percentage of fruiting structures attacked per plant or on the number of weevils emerging from fruits with boll weevil damage from egg-laying, when damaged fruit samples were held in the laboratory. Based on these results, we conclude that there is no impact of Bt cotton crop expressing Cry1Ac on the nontarget herbivores tested under field conditions.
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Database assignments for author(s): Edison R. Sujii, Pedro Henrique Brum Togni, Carmen S.S. Pires, Eliana M.G. Fontes, Débora Pires Paula
Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
non-target effects/fate in environm.
Pest and/or beneficial records:
|Bacillus thuringiensis genes in crops (entomopathogen)||Brazil (south)|
|Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A-toxin (entomopathogen)||Brazil (south)|