Mycoscience (2005) 46, 162-183

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Takayuki Aoki, Kerry O'Donnell and María Mercedes Scandiani (2005)
Sudden death syndrome of soybean in South America is caused by four species of Fusarium: Fusarium brasiliense sp. nov., F. cuneirostrum sp. nov., F. tucumaniae, and F. virguliforme
Mycoscience 46 (3), 162-183
Abstract: Soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) pathogens and dry bean root-rot pathogens were studied taxonomically, phylogenetically, and pathologically. Detailed phenotypic comparisons of macro- and microscopic features and phylogenetic analyses of multilocus DNA sequence data, including those on the nuclear ribosomal intergenic spacer region and the single copy nuclear gene translation elongation factor 1-a, indicated that they comprised five distinct species of Fusarium. Two new species causing soybean SDS in Brazil, F. brasiliense and F. cuneirostrum, are formally described. Fusarium cuneirostrum is responsible for soybean SDS in Brazil and dry bean or mung bean root-rot in the United States, Canada, and Japan. Strains of each species, including F. cuneirostrum isolates from dry bean and mung bean and F. phaseoli isolates from dry bean, were inoculated on soybean cultivar Pioneer 9492RR to determine their pathogenicity. Although intraspecific variation in pathogenicity was observed, all the species were able to induce typical SDS symptoms on soybean plants in the artificial inoculation tests. Comparisons of the key diagnostic morphological features reveal that all five species can be diagnosed using conidial morphology.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
(original language: English)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Takayuki Aoki

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Soybean sudden death syndrome Soybean (Glycine max) Argentina
Neocosmospora phaseoli Soybean (Glycine max) Brazil (south)
Neocosmospora phaseoli U.S.A. (SW)
Soybean sudden death syndrome Soybean (Glycine max) Brazil (south)
Neocosmospora phaseoli Soybean (Glycine max) Argentina
Neocosmospora phaseoli Beans (Phaseolus) Japan
Neocosmospora phaseoli Beans (Phaseolus) U.S.A. (NE)