Mycologia (2015) 107, 915-925

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Jan H. Nagel, Bernard Slippers, Michael J. Wingfield and Marieka Gryzenhout (2015)
Multiple Phytophthora species associated with a single riparian ecosystem in South Africa
Mycologia 107 (5), 915-925
Abstract: The diversity of Phytophthora spp. in rivers and riparian ecosystems has received considerable international attention, although little such research has been conducted in South Africa. This study determined the diversity of Phytophthora spp. within a single river in Gauteng province of South Africa. Samples were collected over 1 y including biweekly river baiting with Rhododendron indicum leaves. Phytophthora isolates were identified with phylogenetic analyses of sequences for the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the ribosomal DNA and the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase c subunit I (coxI) gene. Eight Phytophthora spp. were identified, including a new taxon, P. taxon Sisulu-river, and two hybrid species from Cooke's ITS clade 6. Of these, species from Clade 6 were the most abundant, including P. chlamydospora and P. lacustris. Species residing in Clade 2 also were encountered, including P. multivora, P. plurivora and P. citrophthora. The detection of eight species in this investigation of Phytophthora diversity in a single riparian river ecosystem in northern South Africa adds to the known diversity of this genus in South Africa and globally.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Bernard Slippers, Michael J. Wingfield, Marieka Gryzenhout

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Phytophthora plurivora South Africa
Phytophthora citrophthora South Africa
Phytophthora multivora South Africa
Phytophthora lacustris South Africa