Journal of Pest Science (2020) 93, 315-327

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Gianandrea Salerno, Manuela Rebora, Alexander Kovalev, Elena Gorb and Stanislav Gorb (2020)
Kaolin nano-powder effect on insect attachment ability
Journal of Pest Science 93 (1), 315-327
Abstract: The present study investigates under controlled conditions the effect of kaolin particle film on reduction of insect attachment ability. Two economically important polyphagous insect pests characterized by different attachment devices were tested, the Southern green stink bug Nezara viridula (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae). We performed traction force experiments with females pulling on treated (covered with kaolin particle film) and untreated (control) natural (leaf surfaces with different morphological traits) and artificial (hydrophilic and hydrophobic glass) surfaces. The data demonstrated that insect adhesion is heavily affected by kaolin particle film in both tested species. The degree of reduction of insect adhesion to the treated substrates compared with the untreated ones differed according to the kind of treated substrate owing to its initial wettability and morphology (presence of trichomes). To unravel the insect adhesion reduction mechanism of kaolin particle film, we evaluated the safety factor for females before and after walking on treated surfaces and analyzed under cryo-SEM the tarsal attachment devices of N. viridula and C. capitata after walking on treated surfaces. We observed contamination by the kaolin nanoflakes in both the smooth pads of the bug and the hairy pads of the fly. The present study can help to better understand the mechanism of action of kaolin particle film and can contribute to develop future physical control barriers against pest insects, particularly relevant owing to the need to reduce the negative impacts of pesticides on environment and human health.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website

Database assignments for author(s): Gianandrea Salerno

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Nezara viridula
Ceratitis capitata