Journal of Economic Entomology (2000) 93, 925-930

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Paula C.R.G. Marcon, Blair D. Siegfried, Terence Spencer and W.D. Hutchison (2000)
Development of diagnostic concentrations for monitoring Bacillus thuringiensis resistance in European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
Journal of Economic Entomology 93 (3), 925-930
Abstract: Two candidate diagnostic concentrations of the Cry1Ab and Cry1Ac toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis corresponding to the LC99 and EC99 (effective concentration that causes 99% growth inhibition) for European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner), were determined based on previously obtained baseline data. Validation experiments using field-collected European corn borer populations from across North America showed that for Cry1Ab, a concentration corresponding to the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval of the LC99, produced mortality >99% for all populations tested. However, for Cry1Ac, adjustments and further validation are probably necessary. Development of B. thuringiensis resistance monitoring programs that rely on diagnostic techniques are discussed.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): William (Bill) D. Hutchison, Blair D. Siegfried

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
pesticide resistance of pest
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Ostrinia nubilalis Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Bacillus thuringiensis genes in crops (entomopathogen) Ostrinia nubilalis Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A-toxin (entomopathogen) Ostrinia nubilalis Maize/corn (Zea mays)