Insects (2019) 10 (3 - 68)

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Phanie Bonneau, Justin Renkema, Valérie Fournier and Annabelle Firlej (2019)
Ability of Muscidifurax raptorellus and other parasitoids and predators to control Drosophila suzukii populations in raspberries in the laboratory
Insects 10 (3 - 68)
Abstract: Drosophila suzukii is an invasive pest and economic threat to berry crops in Europe and the Americas. Current methods of control of this pest rely primarily on frequent applications of insecticides; therefore, there is a need for alternative control methods to reduce insecticide reliance. In this study, we evaluated the biological control potential of three parasitoid wasps: Diglyphus isaea, Muscidifurax raptorellus and Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae, and four predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Dicyphus hesperus, Orius insidiosus and Podisus maculiventris. Experiments were conducted for 15 days under controlled conditions in experimental arenas with D. suzukii females and raspberries, allowing for all life stages of D. suzukii to be available to natural enemies. Results showed the first evidence of M. raptorellus 's ability to parasitize D. suzukii, resulting in a 40% reduction. Orius insidiosus, P. vindemmiae and C. carnea were also efficient, reducing D. suzukii numbers by 49%, 43% and 32%, respectively. Predator preferences for each D. suzukii life stage were assessed. The clutch size, sex ratio and adult size variability of D. suzukii pupal parasitoids were also evaluated. This study expands the list of species that can effectively parasitize D. suzukii and provides new insights into the biological responses of M. raptorellus to D. suzukii pupae.
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Database assignments for author(s): Justin M. Renkema, Valérie Fournier, Annabelle Firlej, Phanie Bonneau

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
evaluation - screening - selection

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)
Chrysoperla carnea (predator) Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)
Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (parasitoid) Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)
Orius insidiosus (predator) Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)
Podisus maculiventris (predator) Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)
Diglyphus isaea (parasitoid) Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)
Muscidifurax raptorellus (parasitoid) Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)
Dicyphus hesperus (predator) Drosophila suzukii Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus)