Insect Science (2016) 23, 134-144

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Hai-Yun Xu, Nian-Wan Yang, Min Duan and Fang-Hao Wan (2016)
Functional response, host stage preference and interference of two whitefly parasitoids
Insect Science 23 (1), 134-144
Abstract: The functional responses of two parasitoids, Eretmocerus hayati Zolnerowich and Rose and Encarsia sophia Girault and Dodd, of whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius Middle East-Asia Minor 1 were studied under laboratory conditions. In addition, the influence of host density and host stage on the competitive interactions between the two parasitoids, and biological control effect on whitefly were evaluated. In the functional response study, adult parasitoids were tested individually, with a conspecific or heterospecific competitor. Both Er. hayati and En. sophia exhibited a type II response to increasing host density, whether a conspecific or heterospecific competitor was present or not. Difference of searching rates and handling times between treatments suggested interference interactions existed between two parasitoid species. In the host stage preference study, two parasitoid species were jointly tested. Er. hayati had a competitive advantage over En. sophia when provided young host instars (first and second instar), whereas no advantage was found on old host instars (third and fourth instar). The biological control effect of Er. hayati and En. sophia in different introductions varied with host density. However, the effect of host instar on host mortality was not significant. These findings provide information for the practice of biological control and give better insight into how parasitoid species may coexist in diverse environments.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Fang Hao Wan

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1 China (NE)
Encarsia sophia (parasitoid) Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1
Eretmocerus hayati (parasitoid) Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1