Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 1

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Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 1 (GLRaV-1)

The virus is one of a series of viruses associated with the grapevine leafroll disease, a widespread, graft-transmitted disease which affects grape yield and quality. This virus can be transmitted by the scale insects Neopulvinaria innumerabilis and Parthenolecanium corni.

GLRaV-1 has a genome with a size of about 19 kb and 10 putative open reading frames. These encode 2 replication-associated proteins, the code protein, a transmembrane protein and others.