Forests (2021) 12 (1 - 11)

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Cristina Zamora-Ballesteros, Brenda D. Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield, Jorge Martín-García and Julio J. Diez (2021)
Residual effects caused by a past mycovirus infection in Fusarium circinatum
Forests 12 (1 - 11)
Abstract: Mycoviruses are known to be difficult to cure in fungi but their spontaneous loss occurs commonly. The unexpected disappearance of mycoviruses can be explained by diverse reasons, from methodological procedures to biological events such as posttranscriptional silencing machinery. The long-term effects of a virus infection on the host organism have been well studied in the case of human viruses; however, the possible residual effect on a fungus after the degradation of a mycovirus is unknown. For that, this study analyses a possible residual effect on the transcriptome of the pathogenic fungus Fusarium circinatum after the loss of the mitovirus FcMV1. The mycovirus that previously infected the fungal isolate was not recovered after a 4-year storage period. Only 14 genes were determined as differentially expressed and were related to cell cycle regulation and amino acid metabolism. The results showed a slight acceleration in the metabolism of the host that had lost the mycovirus by the upregulation of the genes involved in essential functions for fungal development. The analysis also revealed a weak expression in the annotated genes of the RNA silencing machinery. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a potential residual effect on the host transcriptome caused by the past infection of a mycovirus is reported.
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Database assignments for author(s): Brenda D. Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield, Jorge Martín-García, Julio Diez

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Fusarium circinatum Pine (Pinus) Spain (continental)
Fusarium mycoviruses (antagonists) Fusarium circinatum Pine (Pinus) Spain (continental)